Urgent: rule of law in Greece, with possibly dangerous implications

Prasinoi / Greens
Athens, March 7, 20201

To:
– Ska Keller, co-President of the Greens/EFA Group in the European Parliament
– Philip Lamberts, co-President of the Greens/EFA Group in the European Parliament
Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, Greens/EFA Group
Cc:
– Voula Tsetsi, Secretary General of the Greens/EFA Group in the European Parliament

URGENT RULE OF LAW ISSUE IN GREECE, WITH POSSIBLY DANGEROUS IMPLICATIONS

Dear Green friends,

We are urgently contacting you about a prisoner’s hunger strike in Greece, which could likely be the first one to lead to a human loss in a European country, since 1982.

Even more alarming is that the hunger-striker’s demands are just about having the Rule of Law also applied to him, and that the prison authorities as well as the Greek government are still failing to do so.

Dimitris Koufontinas is serving a multiple life sentence mainly for his active role in 11 political assassinations by 17N, an armed organization responsible for 23 assassinations in Greece from 1975 to 2000. In 2002, after most other 17N members were arrested, he peacefully surrendered himself to the Greek Police headquarters to be tried. In their trial, he was the only one to politically defend the group’s actions in his plea. Since then he has cut ties with his co-defendants and has been a mostly law-abiding prisoner for almost 20 years.

His current hunger strike is about protesting a breach of Greek law. Greek Act 4760/1920 recently adopted by the current Greek conservative government, excludes prisoners convicted for terrorism from serving in rural prisons and provides for them to be transferred back to their respective previous prisons. As Koufontinas was returned to a different prison than his previous one near Athens when his family lives, he filed a formal request to be transferred as foreseen by the law, but his request was left unanswered. His lawyer sought to file a legal complaint, but she is still unable to do so as she seems to be denied access to the prison document ordering his transfer. As a result, he has started a protest hunger strike since early January.

The Greek Ombudsman Authority[1] and the Greek National Committee for Human Rights[2] have both issued recommendations in favor of his legal request for the documents. Amnesty International Greece has also publicly supported his requests and asked the Greek authorities to fulfill their duty to protect his right to life[3]. Dora Bakoyanni, a prominent conservative politician (and a former Greek Foreign Affairs minister) with a sensitive personal stake, as Koufontinas himself had been the gunman in her husband’s assassination back in 1989, has also stated that “the Law has to be applied to everyone”.

Nevertheless both the prison authorities and the Greek government are keeping a hard stance in what clearly seems a Rule of Law issue, adopting a rhetoric that the hunger striker is just asking for “preferential treatment” and that “the state cannot allow for an extortion by an unrepentant terrorist”.

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